Southern African Pesticidal Plants (SAAP)
The Southern African Pesticidal Plant Project supported by Southern African Development Cooperation (SADC) and the European Union is an initiative designed to promote the use of pesticidal plants in many parts of the worlds. The role of SAFIRE in this project is to facilitate project activities in Zimbabwe and Zambia; contribute to the development of protocols for community engagement and farmer trials; and lead and coordinate the work page on marketing of pesticides. SAFIRE launched this project in January 2007.
To increase the wealth of small-scale farmers through sustainable pesticidal plant use by enhancing knowledge about distribution and habits, application techniques, harvesting, cultivation and health and safety.
To reduce the high level of poverty in Southern African countries by making agriculture more competitive to raise poor farmersí incomes.
To offset the high rate of natural resource degradation, with focus on soil, water and biodiversity.
To develop effective rural policy options, institutional and farmer organizations to support the agricultural production systems and to link farmers to the market.
The targeted group of beneficiaries in this project is 1350 small-scale farmers in Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi. These farmers will benefit directly from the knowledge generated and disseminated to them through their participation in collection of survey information and evaluation of pesticidal plant materials during on-farm trials. Knowledge generated on pesticidal plants will lead to the development of small scale strategies for cultivation of the most effective and marketable pesticidal plants providing additional direct benefit for the rural poor. Peri-urban farmers will be indirect beneficiaries. Since they usually have no access to pesticidal plants this project will develop opportunities for rural farmers who can access them to produce and market them. An indirect benefit will be the creation of jobs to produce the materials and ensure availability of quality products in the communities and beyond. Income levels of local communities will also increase through selling the materials to medium sized enterprises that can process the products.
To date, a number of activities have been undertaken. Project sites have been identified and these possess characteristics which include: high agricultural yield potential; some known use of plants as pesticides; reasonable livestock stocking, areas where agriculture is the main source of livelihood; and varied ecosystems. Community interest groups were identified for project implementation in the three project areas and samples were
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A number of pesticidal plants have been identified to-date
Chaona ward in Muzarabani district, Guramatunhu ward in Nyanga district and Ndondi ward of Choma in Zambia.